tal Illness estimated that the cost of prisoners with mental illness on the nation is $9 billion. Untreated individuals having engaged in illegal activities (professionals believe as a result of their mental condition) are placed in jail, undergo psychological assessments, diagnosed, and semi-treated. As jail systems are already lacking in adequate reserves for common prisoners, one can only imagine the deficiencies for proper care of mentally ill prisoners (who’ve now become patients’). Since, there is no room on the main floors and these inmates need special observation, they are placed away from the general population in a small cell or solitary confinement. This is typically a temporary holding place for trouble-makers or those awaiting court. Solitary confinement, however, has shown to have more of a negative impact on mentally ill prisoners. Other countries have done away with solitary confinement in their prison systems and have The article mentions that more than 11,000 inmates receive treatment daily, which tops three of the largest state-run hospitals in the country with a combined 4,000 beds. The president of the American Jail Association, Esteban Gonzalez, stated: “’In every city and state I have visited, the jails have become the de facto mental institutions.’” A drastic shift is evident, as prison systems no longer only attempt provide protection to citizens and rehabilitate criminals, but also treat mentally ill patients. Not only do these inmates struggle through treatment for mental stability, but with lack of resources post-prison, they move forward deprived of treatment, while facing a criminal record, and falter back to misfortune.